Bird’s Head Seascape

Located in the heart of the ‘Coral Triangle’, the Bird’s Head Seascape (BHS) encompasses over 22.5 million hectares (ha) of sea and small islands in eastern Indonesia off West Papua Province. It stretches from Cenderawasih Bay in its eastern reaches to the Raja Ampat archipelago in the west and the Fakfak-Kaimana coastline in the south, and sits firmly in the global epicenter of marine biodiversity.

The Bird’s Head Seascape contains some of the world’s richest marine ecosystems with both globally significant biodiversity value as well as immeasurable value for local indigenous communities. Together, we can protect that value forever

The Bird's Head Seascape has more marine species than any other single place on the planet and is considered a center of marine speciation. New species continue to be discovered each year. It is also home to some of the world’s most endangered and charismatic species.
With over 40% of the population living in poverty, 75% of families dependent on fish for protein, and the majority of families food insecure, with 13% experiencing reoccuring hunger, sustainable fisheries is not simply an economic issue, but one of survival.
Through sustainable fisheries and sustainable tourism, the marine ecosystems of West Papua are foundational for the local economy, providing employment for over half of coastal households. Fisheries generate a third of local GDP and tourism is growing at a rate of 30% annually.
Bird’s Head Seascape by the number
22.5 million ha
in the Seascape
14 %
of global mangrove area
75 %
of Earth’s hard coral species
1750+ species
of reef fish
3.6 million ha
in MPAs
people protected from storms
40 %
of people lives in poverty
75 %
of people rely on fish
30 %
annual growth in tourism
33 %
of local GDP from fisheries
~3.5 million tons
of CO2 sequestered/year
Marine Protected Area (MPAs)